It’s October 12th and Google remembers with a doodle Eugenio Montale: one of the greatest Italian poets of the twentieth century and Nobel Prize for literature, born in Genoa exactly 125 years ago, in 1986. With his experiences at the front in the two world wars, he spoke of the human condition by being the interpreter of the most dramatic events of the last century.
From “Ossi di seppia” to the Nobel Prize
Premio Nobel for Letteratura 2021, vince Abdulrazak Gurnah
A graduate in accounting, Montale self-taught French symbolism and the philosophical thought of Nietzsche and Schopenhauer. He enlisted in 1917 to fight the First World War. The experience of the front led him to publish the first poems on the human condition, becoming the interpreter of the most dramatic events of that time. These first writings make them converge in “Ossi di seiches”: one of the most appreciated collections which with texts like “I have often encountered the evil of living” highlights the truths hidden behind the appearances of everyday life. . He distanced himself from fascism and in 1927 he moved to Florence. There he met Elio Vittorini, Salvatore Quasimodo and Carlo Emilio Gadda, and became director of Gabinetto Vieusseux. He was recalled to military service for two years during World War II. He retired to Switzerland where he could continue to publish, avoiding Italian censorship. After the war, he moved to Milan and began to collaborate with the Corriere della Sera. The Nobel Prize arrives in 1975: “For his distinct poetics which, with great artistic sensibility, interpreted human values under the symbol of a vision of life devoid of illusions”. He was the fifth Italian to receive it, after Giosuè Carducci, Grazia Deledda, Luigi Pirandello and Salvatore Quasimodo. He died on September 12, 1981 in Milan.
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