On November 11, 1918, an armistice was signed in Compiègne, officially ending World War I and finally confirming Germany’s defeat. The day before, Józef Piłsudski appeared in Warsaw, who a few weeks later was appointed head of state and charged with rebuilding the country. Divided by three powers – Austria, Prussia, Russia – Poland regained independence after 123 years.
After World War II, the communist authorities took into account the National Rebirth of Poland, which was celebrated on July 22. We returned to the previous date after the system changes of 1989. Since then, the main celebrations have been held in Warsaw on Marshal Józef Piłsudski Square, in front of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. They are attended by the most senior state officials, headed by the President of the Republic of Poland.
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November 11 is a legal day off from work and school
Independence Day is marked on the calendar with a red card, meaning it is a day off from work and school activities. On Thursday 11, all offices, post offices, shopping centers, supermarkets and service and shops will be closed.
As we read in the law of February 15, 1989 on the establishment of the National Independence Day:
To commemorate the anniversary of the Polish nation regaining its independent statehood and the struggle of generations of Poles for freedom and independence, the following provision is made: Art. 1. November 11 is a solemn National Independence Day, Art. 2. November 11 is a day off, Art. 3. The Act enters into force on the day of its publication.
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